18 Extraordinary Animals Found Only in One Country

Krystal Smith

Our Earth is a diverse place full of amazing animals, all special for different reasons. So much so that some of these animals cannot so much as leave their own country. This list takes a look at 18 of these incredible animals, showcasing just how much biodiversity we have here.

Kangaroo – Australia

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Kangaroos are the mascot for the land down under. Kangaroos are the only large animals to use hopping as a means of motion and are recognized by their long, dynamic hindlimbs, large feet made for leaping, small heads, big ears and long tails, and distinctive pouch in the female, which contains their young. These animals define what Australia and its natural landscape are.

Kiwi – New Zealand

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The Kiwi is the National Bird Of New Zealand. They are small, flightless birds with a long beak and a fantastic sense of smell. The Maori people of New Zealand have a strong spiritual connection to the Kiwi. New Zealand conservation groups provide predator-free sites and islands where the Kiwis can live.

Giant Panda – China

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Giant pandas are China’s best-known visitors, and they are universally recognized for their black-white fur and bamboo provisions. Limited to living in several mountain ranges in central China, the giant panda is a conservation success story, with numbers skyrocketing after the introduction of the bamboo forests they live in. A Giant Panda can consume between 24- 80 pounds of bamboo each day.

Komodo Dragon – Indonesia

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The Komodo Dragon is the world’s largest lizard. It is indigenous to a few of Indonesia’s islands, including a couple in Komodo and Rinca. They are apex predators that can reach sizes of up to 10 feet in length.

Lemurs – Madagascar

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Lemurs are endemic primates that live on the island of Madagascar. With around 100 species, these animals are powerful creatures, not only in strength but also in behaviour. Due to Madagascar’s isolation, it has acquired a collection of distinctive lemurs that can not be found anywhere else on Earth.

Galápagos Tortoise – Ecuador

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Being the biggest of all tortoise species on the planet, this tortoise is found in the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador. These animals are known to have a life expectancy of over 100 years and have relevance in the biological system by scattering seeds over large regions of land, defining and maintaining the vegetative structure in the forest canopy. 

Platypus – Australia

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Another Australian wonder, the platypus, is a peculiar, very developed creature perceived by its duck-like bill, webbed feet and capacity to lay eggs. Found in the wilds of eastern Australia, this exceptional creature challenges the meaning of vertebrates and absolutely enchants scientists’ and conservationists’ minds across the world.

Saola – Vietnam

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The saola, otherwise called the “Asian unicorn,” is one of the planet’s most extraordinary, large, warm-blooded animal species, having just been found in Vietnam until 1992. This reclusive and strange animal occupies the thick woodlands of the Annamite Range. Unfortunately, not much more is known about this secretive creature.

Axolotl – Mexico

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Local to Mexico’s Lake Xochimilco, the feathered Axolotl belongs to the lizard family. The Axolotl is extraordinary in that it keeps its juvenile looks until into adulthood. Axolotl has an amazing gift in that they can regenerate their own limbs within a matter of weeks.

Ethiopian Wolf – Ethiopia

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The Ethiopian wolf is the most theatened carnivore in Africa and is just found in the Ethiopian. A social animal, they are sufficiently able to challenge the biggest of predators; Ethiopian wolves are in the same family as grey wolves and jackals and require the basic predator-free Afroalpine environment to flourish.

Tasmanian Devil – Tasmania, Australia

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The powerful jaws and fierce demeanour of the Tasmanian devil only occur on the island of Tasmania. For these night-roaming marsupials, this is a signal that if conservation efforts aren’t taken soon, they will be gone.

Philippine Eagle – Philippines

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The Philippine Eagle is a bird of prey native to the Philippines. This bird is one of the world’s biggest and most impressive eagles. One of its distinct features is a beautiful visage and an enormous wingspan, and it is the national bird of the Philippines. The Eagle is part of a conservation effort since it is classified as endangered.

Bonobo – Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Bonobos, a type of chimpanzee, are the main incredible primates that live only within the Republic of the Congo. It is known for its matriarchal social ways and tranquil ways of behaving, through which special data has been recorded about primate social structures as well as human evolution.

Pygmy Three Toed Sloth — Panama

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This rare and endangered species is local just to Isla Escudo de Veraguas, Panama. The littlest of the Pygmy three-toed sloth types, this small mammal has advanced in extremely specific ways to survive in its specific Mangrove woodland living space.

Aye-Aye – Madagascar

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Aye-aye, Another weird inhabitant of Madagascar, these large-eyed, bushy-tailed lemurs also have a freaky long middle finger with which to pull insect larvae from tree bark, all the while looking in with unnerving intensity. A perfect example of the unique biodiversity of Madagascar.

Javan Rhino – Indonesia

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One of the rarest mammals on the planet is the Javan Rhinoceros, which can be found almost exclusively in the Ujung Kulon Public Park in Indonesia. The toll on the species as a whole is devastating, with fewer than 75 Rhinoceros still at large. The protection of these amazing animals is important, and as a result, they have exceptional world heritage values.

Kakapo – New Zealand

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Kakapo is a flightless bird native to New Zealand, which makes it the only member of the parrot family that is unable to fly. One of the weirdest birds on the planet. Kakapo is possibly the longest-living species of any bird in the world, with estimates saying it can live up to 100 years. The Department of Conservation records in 2023 indicate that only 247 Kakapo parrots are left today.

Japanese Macaque – Japan

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Japanese macaque – Japan: Another name for this monkey species is “Snow Monkey.” A species native to solely Japan, the Japanese Macaque has a whopping ability to survive in frozen cold areas; during cold periods, it takes hot spring baths to keep warm.

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